Toponymy

While most of us may be familiar with the different places in Singapore, not all of us know much about the origins of their names. While exploring the various places in Singapore, I have also read up on their toponyms. Here’s a compiled list of the toponymy of the places that I have featured here.

Place

Origin

Remarks

Albert Street Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria – Also known as Kampong Bencoolen or kam kong mang ku lu (监公望旧鲁; Hokkien for “Kampong Bencoolen”), referring to the nearby Bencoolen Muslim kampong
– Also known as bo moa iu koi (磨麻油街; Hokkien for “the street where sesame oil is extracted”), most likely referring to a sesame oil factory
– Also known as thimiri thidal (Tamil for “the place where people tread on fire”), referring to the fire walking rituals held there
– Now mostly pedestrianized
Alkaff Bridge The Alkaff family, prominent Arab family – Also known as “ArtBridge” due to the paintings on the bridge
Alkaff Quay The Alkaff family, prominent Arab family – Now defunct
Ama Keng Road Ama Keng, the Holy Mother temple Ama means “grandmother” in Hokkien
Keng means “temple” in Hokkien
Anderson Bridge Sir John Anderson, Governor of the Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Federated Malay States
Andover Road RAF Andover in England, now Marlborough Lines
Attap Valley Road Runs through a “valley” between Attap Hill and Talbot’s Hill
Ban San Street Chinese druggist store owned by businessman Low Kim Pong
Beach Road The road was along the beach
Beauty World A reference to the Greater East Asia Amusement Park located there – Also known as chin huat, referring to the words in front of a house there
Bencoolen Street Nearby Kampong Bencoolen, and Sir Stamford Raffles’ previous role as the Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen – Also known as sio poh gor beh lor (小坡五马路; Hokkien for “fifth road of Little Town”) as it was the fifth road from North Bridge Road, the main road of sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
– Also known as chai tng au or chai thong hau (菜堂后; Hokkien and Cantonese for “behind the Vegetarians’ hall”), referring to a nearby Chinese vegetarian guild meeting house
Beng Swee Place Tan Beng Swee, merchant & philanthropist – Now defunct
Benjamin Sheares Bridge Dr Benjamin Henry Sheares, the second president of Singapore
Bidadari Fairy – Derived from widyadari, which means “fairy” in Sanskrit
Bideford Road English town of Bideford
Biggin Hill Road RAF Biggin Hill in England, now part of London Biggin Hill Airport
Boat Quay Boats arriving at the quay – Also known as cha chun tau (“jetty for boats carrying firewoord”) due to the tongkangs that transported firewood from Indonesia to Singapore; tiam pang lo thau (“the place to go for sampans”); chui chu boi (“bathing house end”); Suspension Bridge Quay, referring to Cavenagh Bridge; and The Belly of the Carp, referring to the shape of the river
– Now pedestrianised
Boon Tat Street Ong Boon Tat, businessman & Municipal Commissioner – Originally known as Japan Street
– Also known as ma cho kiong pi (“beside the Ma Zu temple”) as it is located next to Thian Hock Keng Temple
Braddell Road Braddell family, a lineage of Attorney General, Chief Judicial Commissioner and Municipal Commissioner
Bras Basah Beras basah (Malay for “wet rice”) – Wet rice used to be laid along the road to be dried
– Originally known as Church Street, Selegy Street or Cross Road
Bukit Brown George Henry Brown, trader & ship owner – He owned the plots of land in the vicinity
Bukit means “hill” in Malay
Bukit Chandu Opium packing plant on the hill Chandu means “opium” in Malay
Bukit Merah Red coloured lateritic soil on the hill Merah means “red” in Malay
– Also known as Redhill
Bukit Timah Avenue Bukit Timah, a nearby hill Timah means “tin” in Malay
– Originally known as Bukit Timah Lane
Bukit Timah Link Bukit Timah, a nearby hill
Buona Vista Great views offered by the location Buona Vista means “good sight” in Italian
Canton Street The port of Canton, the main port of departure for early Chinese immigrants – Also known as chap sa hang or sap sam hong (“13 shops”); and khai kin huen-poi-a (“small cross street by Boat Quay”)
Catterick Road RAF Catterick in England, now Marne Barracks
Cavenagh Bridge Major General William Orfeur Cavenagh, Governor of the Straits Settlements
Changi Changi ular climbing shrub, Chengal tree or chengai timber – Originally known as Tanjong Rusa (“cape of deer”)
– Once known as Franklin Point, after surveyor Captain Franklin
Changi Beach Changi ular climbing shrub, Chengal tree or chengai timber
Changi Point Changi ular climbing shrub, Chengal tree or chengai timber
Changi Village Road Changi Village, which in turn is named after the changi ular climbing shrub, Chengal tree or chengai timber – Originally part of Upper Changi Road
Cheang Hong Lim Place Cheang Hong Lim, philanthropist & community leader
Cheang Hong Lim Street Cheang Hong Lim, philanthropist & community leader – Now defunct
Cheang Jim Chwan Place Cheang Jim Chwan, businessman and philanthropist, and son of Cheang Hong Lim – Now defunct
Cheong Chin Nam Road Cheong Chin Nam, a dentist, merchant and landowner
Chin Swee Road Lim Chin Swee, businessman, and son of Lim Eng Keng – Also known as jiu lang nei (酒廊內; Mandarin for “in the vicinity of the bar”), referring to Cheang Hong Lim’s bar at Beng Hoon Road
Choa Lam Road Choa Lam Tiong, Chinese merchant
Chong Pang Village Lim Chong Pang, businessman
Chun Tin Road Cheong Chun Tin, Singapore’s first qualified Chinese dentist, and landowner Cheong Chin Nam’s father
Circular Street The road curves according to the Singapore River – Also known as chap peh kho ki (“18 stream bank”), chap peh keng au (“behind the 18 shops”), chap peh keng (“18 shops”), and sap pat kan (“18 shops”), referring to the 18 shops located there
– Now pedestrianised
Clarke Quay Colonel Sir Andrew Clarke, second Governer of Singapore and Governer of the Straits Settlement – Also known as cha chun tau (“jetty for boats carrying firewoord”) due to the tongkangs that transported firewood from Indonesia to Singapore
– Now pedestrianised
Clarke Street Colonel Sir Andrew Clarke, second Governer of Singapore and Governer of the Straits Settlement – Originally known as East Street & West Street
– Now pedestrianised
Claymore Drive A house and plantation located in the vicinity, belonging to Captain William Scott
Claymore Hill A house and plantation located in the vicinity, belonging to Captain William Scott
Claymore Road A house and plantation located in the vicinity, belonging to Captain William Scott
Clemenceau Bridge Monsieur Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France
Clemenceau Avenue Monsieur Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France – Part of it replaced by CTE and part of it renamed Clemenceau Avenue North
– Originally known as Tank Road
Clemenceau Avenue North Monsieur Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France – Originally part of Clemenceau Avenue
Clementi Road Sir Cecil Clementi Smith, Governor of the Straits Settlements & High Commissioner – Originally known as Reformatory Road
Coleman Bridge George Drumgoole Coleman, Superintendent of Public Works – Also known as New Bridge when it was completed
– Also known as yi ma lo khiu (二马路桥; Cantonese for “the bridge at the second road”), referring to the alternative name for New Bridge Road
Coleman Street George Drumgoole Coleman, Superintendent of Public Works – Also known as jiu dian jie (酒店街; Chinese for “Hotel Street”) as Adelphi Hotel used to be located along this street
Connaught Drive Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and his wife, Princess Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught

– Originally known as New Esplanade Road
– Also known as gor tsang tshiu kha (五丛树脚; Hokkien for “under five trees”) as there were trees planted along the road at Esplanade Park
Corporation Drive In line with the idea of Jurong as an industrial estate – Originally known as Taman Jurong
Corporation Rise In line with the idea of Jurong as an industrial estate
Corporation Road In line with the idea of Jurong as an industrial estate – Originally known as Jalan Peng Kang
Corporation Walk In line with the idea of Jurong as an industrial estate
Covent Alley Covent Garden Market in London – Originally known as Cheang Jim Kheng Street, named after businessman Cheang Jim Kheng
– Now defunct
Covent Garden Covent Garden Market in London – Originally known as Cheang Hong Lim Market, named after philanthropist Cheang Hong Lim
– Now defunct
Covent Row Covent Garden Market in London – Originally known as Cheang Hong Lim Lane, named after philanthropist Cheang Hong Lim
– Now defunct
Covent Street Covent Garden Market in London – Originally known as Cheang Jim Chuan Street, named after businessman Cheang Jim Chuan
– Now defunct
Cranwell Road RAF Cranwell in England
Cuscaden Road Captain William Andrew Cuscaden, Inspector General of Police
Cuscaden Walk Captain William Andrew Cuscaden, Inspector General of Police
D’Almeida Street Dr Jose d’Almeida Carvalho E. Silva, naval surgeon & merchant – Part of it pedestrianized
Dakota Close Dakota DC-3 aircraft which was commonly seen at nearby Kallang Airport
Dakota Crescent Dakota DC-3 aircraft which was commonly seen at nearby Kallang Airport
Devonshire Road Devonshire (now Devon) county of England
Dover Dover, Kent, South East England – “Dover” is derived from the Celtic word meaning “The Waters” referring to the English Channel
Earle Quay Mr Earle, manager of the Straits Steamship Company – Now defunct
Elgin Bridge James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, Governor General of India – Also known as thih tiau kio or thit tiu khiu (铁吊桥; Hokkien and Cantonese for “iron suspension bridge”) as it was once an iron bridge
– Also known as chui sien mng tiau kio thau (水仙门吊桥头; Hokkien for “suspension bridge at Water Fairy Gate”), referring to the nearby area known as Water Fairy Gate
Ellenborough Street Lord Ellenborough, Governer General of India – Originally known as Tocksing Street, named after Chinese businessman Tan Tock Seng
– Also known as sin pa sat khau (“mouth of the new market”), as Ellenborough Market (a.k.a. New Market) was located along the road
-Now defunct
Empress Place Queen Victoria
Eu Tong Sen Street Eu Tong Sen, businessman – Also known as nan tian qian (南天前; Chinese for “in front of Nam Tin Hotel”) as Great Southern Hotel used to be located along this street
Fish Street Fish trade in Ellenborough Market – Also known as cha chun tau (“jetty for boats carrying firewoord”) due to the tongkangs that transported firewood from Indonesia to Singapore
– Now pedestrianised
Fort Canning Hill Viscount Charles John Canning, Governor-general of India – Originally known as Bukit Larangan (Malay for “Forbidden Hill”) as it was believed to be the burial grounds of ancestral kings
– Also known as Government Hill due to the government house set up by Raffles on the hill
Gosport Road RAF Gosport in England, now demolished
Hallpike Street Stephen Hallpike, blacksmith – Established the first shipyard in Singapore
– Now defunct
Halton Road RAF Halton in England
Havelock Road Major-General Sir Henry Havelock, British general – Originally shared a name with River Valley Road
Hendon Road Hendon Aerodrome in England, now the RAF Museum London
Hill Street Fort Canning Hill, or Government Hill – Also known as chui sien mng ji ke (水仙门二街; Hokkien for “second street of Water Fairy Gate”), referring to the customs in Quanzhou
Ho Ching Road River scenery, in line with the theme of a garden in Jurong Ho (河) means “river” and ching (景) means “scenery” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 8
Ho Puah Quay Lim Ho Puah, Hokkien merchant – Now defunct
Holland Avenue Hugh Holland, architect
Holland Close Hugh Holland, architect
Holland Drive Hugh Holland, architect
Holland Road Hugh Holland, architect – Also known as hue hng au (花园后; Hokkien for “behind the flower garden”) as it was connected to the back entrance of the Botanic Gardens
Holland Village Hugh Holland, architect
Hong Lim Park Cheang Hong Lim, philanthropist & community leader
Hong Lim Quay Cheang Hong Lim, philanthropist & community leader – Later renamed Boat Quay
– Now defunct
Hu Ching Road Lake scenery, in line with the theme of a garden in Jurong Hu (湖) means “lake” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 4
Jalan Anak Bukit Jalan means “road” and anak bukit means “small hill” (anak means “young”) in Malay
Jalan Dua In line with the numerical theme in the area Dua means “two” in Malay
Jalan Empat In line with the numerical theme in the area Empat means “four” in Malay
Jalan Enam In line with the numerical theme in the area Enam means “six” in Malay
Jalan Hitam Manis Black sweet, in line with the theme of “Garden of Colours” Hitam means “black” and manis means “sweet” in Malay
Jalan Kelabu Asap The colour of smoke, in line with the theme of “Garden of Colours” Kelabu means “grey” and asap means “smoke” in Malay
Jalan Kuning The colour of yellow, in line with the theme of “Garden of Colours” Kuning means “yellow” in Malay
Jalan Lima In line with the numerical theme in the area Lima means “five” in Malay
Jalan Merah Saga The colour of saga seeds, in line with the theme of “Garden of Colours” Merah means “red” in Malay
Jalan Penjara Queenstown Remand Prison Penjara means “prison” in Malay
Jalan Puteh Jerneh The colour of white, in line with the theme of “Garden of Colours” Puteh and jerneh are the older spellings of putih and jernih, which mean “white” and “pure” respectively in Malay
Jalan Rumia The colour of the seeds of buah remia, in line with the theme of “Garden of Colours”
Jalan Satu In line with the numerical theme in the area Satu means “one” in Malay
Jalan Tiga In line with the numerical theme in the area Tiga means “three” in Malay
Jiak Chuan Road Tan Jiak Chuan, businessman
Jiak Kim Bridge Tan Jiak Kim, merchant & philanthropist
Jiak Kim Street Tan Jiak Kim, merchant & philanthropist
Jurong Jerung means “shark” in Malay
– Also known as peng kang (秉江), referring to the Teochew name of a gambier plantation located there
Jurong Gateway Road – Originally part of Jurong East St 13
Jurong Town Hall Road Jurong Town Hall – Originally known as Jalan Bahru Utara and Jalan Bahru Selatan (“north new road” and “south new road” in Malay)
Kallang The orang biduanda kallang living nearby, the factories in the vicinity (kilang in Malay), or the act of putting a boat on wooden stocks or rollers (galang in Malay)
Kallang Airport Way The old Kallang Airport
Kallang Airport Drive The old Kallang Airport
Kang Ching Road Ridges scenery, in line with the theme of a garden in Jurong Kang (岗) means “ridges” in Chinese
Keppel Harbour Sir Henry Keppel, Admiral of the Fleet – Discovered the deep water anchorage and mooted for a harbour to be established there
Kim Cheng Street Tan Kim Ching, businessman & philanthropist – Pedestrianized
Kim Seng Bridge Tan Kim Seng, trader & philanthropist – Also known as Hong Hin Kio or Fung Heng Lo (丰兴桥; Hokkien & Cantonese for “Hong Him Bridge”), referring to Tan Kim Seng’s seal & business
Kim Seng Park Tan Kim Seng, trader & philanthropist
Kim Seng Promenade Tan Kim Seng, trader & philanthropist
Kim Seng Road Tan Kim Seng, trader & philanthropist – Also known as Hong Hin Lo (丰兴路; Hokkien for “Hong Him Road”), referring to Tan Kim Seng’s seal & business
Kim Seng Walk Tan Kim Seng, trader & philanthropist
Kranji Kranji Tree
Leuchars Road RAF Leuchars in Scotland
Lorong Krishna Sri Krishnan Temple Lorong means “alley” in Malay
– Now defunct
Lorong Liput Liput means “to cover” in Malay
Lorong Mambong Mambong means “apex” in Malay
Lorong Pantai Pantai means “beach” in Malay
Lorong Sakai Sakai is a derogatory term for aboriginal tribes
Lorong Serai Serai means “lemon grass” in Malay
Loyang Avenue Probably referring to the colour of the water Loyang means “brass” in Malay
Margaret Drive Princess Margaret, sister of Queen Elizabeth II – Also known as xin lu (新路; Chinese for “New Road”) as it was the newest road in the estate
McCallum Street Major Sir Henry Edward McCallum, colonial engineer – Designed the National Museum; supervised construction of Fort Siloso
Merdeka Bridge Aspirations for independence Merdeka means “independence” in Malay
Meyer Road Manasseh Meyer, Municipal Commissioner, businessman and philanthropist
Middle Road The road lies in the middle of the rectangular grid of roads – Also known as sio poh ang mo pah thi (小坡红毛打铁; Hokkien for “European foundry at the Little Town”) and mang ku lu chia kaun (望旧鲁车口; Hokkien for “Jinrikisha depot at Bencoolen”), referring to the foundry and Jinrikisha depot located along the road
– Also known as “Hainan first street” (海南一街) as the Hainanese enclave was located nearby
Mount Pleasant The area was pleasant – Named by land owner George Henry Brown
Neo Tiew Road Neo Tiew, village head – Contributed to the paving of this road for the villages
Netheravon Road RAF Netheravon in England
New Bridge Road Coleman Bridge, the newest bridge across Singapore River at that time – Also known as tua poh ji beh lor (大坡二马路; Hokkien for “second road of Big Town”) as it was adjacent to South Bridge Road, the main road of tua poh (大坡; Hokkien for “Big Town”)
– Also known as gu chia chui, ngau che shui and Kreta Ayer (牛车水; Hokkien, Teochew & Malay for “bull-cart water” respectively), referring to the bull-cart water supply system found in that area
Nicoll Drive Sir John Fearns Nicoll, Governor of Singapore
Nicoll Highway Sir John Fearns Nicoll, Governor of Singapore – Also known as du li qiao lu (独立桥路; Chinese for “Merdeka Bridge Road”)
North Bridge Road North of the first bridge across Singapore River – Also known as as sio poh tua beh lor (小坡大马路; Hokkien for “main road of Little Town”) as it was the main road in the area north of the Singapore River that was known as sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
– Also known as sio poh hue chia lor (小坡火车路; Hokkien for “tramway of Little Town”), referring to the tramway that ran along this road
– Also known as chui sien mng jit ke (水仙门一街; Hokkien for “first street of Water Fairy Gate”), referring to the nearby area known as Water Fairy Gate
North Buona Vista Road Great views offered by the location Buona Vista means “good sight” in Italian
Old Airport Road The old Kallang Airport – Originally the Kallang Airport runway extension
Old Terminal Lane The old Kallang Airport
Orchard Road Fruit orchards along the road – Also known as tang leng pa sat koi (“东陵巴刹街”, Hokkien for “Tanglin market street”), referring to the adjacent Tanglin district
– Also known as vaira kimadam (Tamil for “Fakir’s place”)
– Also known as muttu than (Tamil “high ground”), referring to the hilly terrain
Ord Bridge Colonel Sir Harry St. George Ord, British Governor of the Straits Settlements – Also known as Ordnance Bridge due to the nearby British ordnance depot
– Also known as Toddy Bridge due to the nearby toddy shops
– Also known as qing qiao (青桥; Chinese for “Green Bridge”), referring to its colour
Ord Road Colonel Sir Harry St. George Ord, British Governor of the Straits Settlements – Also known as qing qiao tou (青桥头; Chinese for “at the end of Green Bridge”), referring to the alternative name of Ord Bridge
– Now defunct
Outram Road Lieutenant General Sir James Outram, British general – Also known as si pai poh (四排埔; Hokkien for “Sepoy plain”), referring to the nearby Sepoy Camp which housed the Indian soldiers of the East India Company
Sepoy comes from the Persian & Hindi word sipahi, which means “soldier”
Padang Derivative of the maidan concept, of having an urban field

Padang means “field” in Malay
Pagoda Street Temple-like gopuram of the Sri Mariamman Temple – Also known as kwong hup yuen kai (广合源街; Cantonese for “Kwong Hup Yuen Street”), referring to the Kwong Hup Yuen coolie trading firm along the street
– Also known as Mariamman kovil pakkathu sadakku (Tamil for “street beside Mariamman Temple”) as Sri Mariamman Temple is located along this street
Park Crescent People’s Park
Park Road People’s Park – Also known as chau chi (草市; Hokkien for “grass market”), referring to the outdoor market that used to be at People’s Park
Pearl Bank Pearl’s Hill, which in turn is named after Lt. James Pearl, Commander of the Indiana
Pearl’s Hill Lt. James Pearl, Commander of the Indiana – Originally known as Mount Stamford, after Sir Stamford Raffles
Pearl’s Hill Road Pearl’s Hill, which in turn is named after Lt. James Pearl, Commander of the Indiana
Pearl’s Hill Terrace Pearl’s Hill, which in turn is named after Lt. James Pearl, Commander of the Indiana
Peng Siang Quay Lim Peng Siang, Hokkien merchant – Now defunct
Prinsep Court C. H. Prinsep, lawyer and owner of the adjacent nutmeg plantation – Now defunct
Prinsep Street C. H. Prinsep, lawyer and owner of the adjacent nutmeg plantation – Originally known as Flint Street, named after Captain William Flint, brother-in-law of Sir Stamford Raffles
– Also known as sio poh lak beh lor (小坡六马路; Hokkien for “sixth road of Little Town”) as it, together with Short Street, was considered the sixth road from North Bridge Road, the main road of sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
Pulau Saigon Bridge Pulau Saigon, island located further downstream – Same name as a demolished bridge located at the island
Queen Elizabeth Walk Queen Elizabeth II – In honour of her coronation
Queen Street Queen Victoria – Originally known as Church Street, named after Resident Councillor Thomans Church
– Also known as sio poh sa beh lor (小坡三马路; Hokkien for “third road of Little Town”) as it was the third road from North Bridge Road, the main road of sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
– Also known as sek a ni koi (Hokkien for “Eurasian street”), referring to the Eurasian enclave
– Also known as vannan teruvu (Tamil for “street of the dhobies”), referring to the dhobies found along the street
Queenstown Queen Elizabeth II – In honour of her coronation
Raffles Place Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles – Originally known as Commercial Square
Read Bridge William Henry Macleod Read, businessman – Also known as Malacca Bridge, kam kong ma lah kah kio (监公马六甲桥; Hokkien for “Kampong Malacca Bridge”) and Jembatan Kampong Melaka (Malay for “Kampong Malacca Bridge”), referring to the nearby north and south Kampong Malacca
Read Crescent William Henry Macleod Read, businessman
Read Road William Henry Macleod Read, businessman – Now defunct
River Valley Road Runs along Singapore River, in a valley between Fort Canning Hill and Pearl’s Hill
Robertson Bridge Dr J. Murray Robertson, Municipal Councillor
Robertson Quay Dr J. Murray Robertson, Municipal Councillor – Now pedestrianised
Robinson Road Sir Francis William Robinson, Governor of the Straits Settlements
Sam Leong Road Ong Sam Leong, businessman
Science Centre Road Science Centre Singapore
Sealand Road RAF Sealand in Wales, now MoD Sealand
Selegie Road The orang selegie who lived nearby, or a type of wooden spear known as seligi – Also known as sio poh chit beh lor (小坡七马路; Hokkien for “seventh road of Little Town”) as it was the seventh road from North Bridge Road, the main road of sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
– Also known as tek kia kha (竹仔脚; Hokkien for “foot of the little bamboos”) and tek kha tit koi (竹脚直街; Hokkien for “straight road at the foot of the bamboos”), referring to the bamboo plantations along Rochor Canal
– Also known as em>nagappan thanki (Tamil for “Nagappan’s water tank”), referring to the man who sold water to the public along the road
Seok Wee Road Khiong Seok Wee, entrepreneur, and son of Kiong Kong Tuan
Shan Ching Road Mountain scenery, in line with the theme of a garden in Jurong Shan (山) means “mountain” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 10
– Now defunct
Shenton Way Sir Shenton Whitelegge Thomas, Governer of Singapore – To commemorate his decision to stay in Singapore during the Japanese Occupation
Short Street The length of the street, or a man called Septimus Short – Also known as sio poh lak beh lor (小坡六马路; Hokkien for “sixth road of Little Town”) as it, together with Prinsep Street, was considered the sixth road from North Bridge Road, the main road of sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
– Also known as tek kha so si tek hang (Hokkien for “the short road that leads to Tekka”)
– Also known as em>nagappan thanki (Tamil for “Nagappan’s water tank”), referring to the man who sold water to the public along the road
South Bridge Road South of the first bridge across Singapore River – Also known as as tua poh tua beh lor (大坡大马路; Hokkien for “main road of Big Town”) as it was the main road in the area south of the Singapore River that was known as tua poh (大坡; Hokkien for “Big Town”)
St Andrew’s Road St Andrew’s Cathedral

– Originally known as Esplanade Road
Stadium Boulevard The National Stadium and Singapore Indoor Stadium – Originally the Kallang Airport runway
– Now partly pedestrianised
Stadium Crescent The National Stadium and Singapore Indoor Stadium
Stadium Drive The National Stadium and Singapore Indoor Stadium
Stadium Link The National Stadium and Singapore Indoor Stadium – Now partly defunct
Stadium Place The National Stadium and Singapore Indoor Stadium
Stadium Road The National Stadium and Singapore Indoor Stadium
Stadium Walk The National Stadium and Singapore Indoor Stadium
Stamford Road Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles

– Originally known as Hosptial Street
– Also known as lau chui khe (流水坑; Hokkien for “flowing water ditch”) as Stamford Canal used to overflow and flood the road
Tah Ching Road Pagoda scenery, in line with the theme of a garden in Jurong Tah (塔) means “pagoda” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 12
Taman Jurong Garden of Jurong Taman means “garden” in Malay
Taman Warna Garden of Colours Warna means “colour” in Malay
Tanglin Halt KTM trains “halting” near Tanglin Road – Also known as as chap lau (十楼; Hokkien for “ten storeys”) as the flats there were mostly 10 storeys tall
Tanglin Halt Close KTM trains “halting” near Tanglin Road
Tanglin Halt Road KTM trains “halting” near Tanglin Road
Tanjong Pagar Kelongs along the coast Tanjong means “cape” and Pagar means “fence” in Malay
– Originally known as Salinter
Tao Ching Road Island scenery, in line with the theme of a garden in Jurong Tao (岛) means “island” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 6
Telok Ayer Street The bay situated along the street Telok means “bay” and Ayer means “water” in Malay
Telok Paku Road Paku means “spikes” in Malay
Tew Chew Street Large Teochew community in the area – Also known as tua poh sin koi (“new street of the Big Town”)
Tham Soong Avenue Wife of landowner Cheong Chin Nam
Trengganu Street State of Terengganu in Malaysia – Also known as hei yun wang kai (戏院横街; Cantonese for “theatre side street”), referring to the Lai Chun Yuen opera house along the street
Turnhouse Road RAF Turnhouse in Scotland, now Edinburgh Airport
Tyersall Avenue Istana Tyersall – The old istana was located along the road
Upavon Road RAF Upavon in England, now known as Trenchard Lines
Upper Aljunied Road Syed Ali bin Mohamed Al-Junid, leader of early Arab community
Upper Changi Road Changi ular climbing shrub, Chengal tree or chengai timber
Victoria Street Queen Victoria – Originally known as Rochor Street and Marbro Street
– Also known as sio poh ji beh lor (小坡二马路; Hokkien for “secondroad of Little Town”) as it was adjacent to North Bridge Road, the main road of sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
– Also known as au bei chia lor (后马车路; Hokkien for “the back of the horse carriage street”), referring specifically to North Bridge Road
– Also known as kampong boyan lama, boyan kampam, pal kampam and kammangala puthu kuthu madei sadakku (Tamil for “street of Kampong Glam and the new Hindu theatre”), referring to the nearby Kampong Glam and Baweanese village
Warna Road In line with the theme of “Garden of Colours” Warna means “colour” in Malay
Waterloo Street Battle of Waterloo – Originally known as Church Street, named after Resident Councillor Thomans Church
– Also known as sio poh si beh lor (小坡四马路; Hokkien for “fourth road of Little Town”) as it was the fourth road from North Bridge Road, the main road of sio poh (小坡; Hokkien for “Little Town”)
– Also known as mang ku lu chai tng koi (望旧鲁菜堂街; Hokkien for “the street in Bencoolen where the vegetarians’ hall is”) and kun yam miu chai thong (观音庙菜堂; Cantonese for “the vegetarians’ hall at the Kwan Im Temple”), referring to a nearby Chinese vegetarian guild meeting house
– Also known as krishnen kovil sadakku (Tamil for “the street of the Krishnen Temple”) as the temple is located along this street
Wong Chin Yoke Road Wong Chin Yoke, policeman & war hero – Sacrifised himself while resisting the Japanese invasion
Yuan Ching Road Garden scenery, in line with the theme of a garden in Jurong Yuan (园) means “garden” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 2
Yuk Tong Avenue Wife of landowner Cheong Chin Nam
Yung An Road Eternal safety, in line with the theme of eternal progress Yung (永) means “eternal” and an (安) means “safety” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 9
Yung Ho Road Eternal peace, in line with the theme of eternal progress Ho (和) means “peace” in Chinese
– Originally part of Taman Jurong and Taman Jurong 2
Yung Kuang Road Eternal light, in line with the theme of eternal progress Kuang (光) means “light” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 5
Yung Loh Road Eternal happiness, in line with the theme of eternal progress Loh (乐) means “happiness” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 1
Yung Ping Road Eternal calmness, in line with the theme of eternal progress Ping (平) means “calmness” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 3
Yung Sheng Road Eternal rise, in line with the theme of eternal progress Sheng (升) means “rise” in Chinese
– Originally known as Taman Jurong 7
Zion Close Mount Zion, a Christian association
Zion Road Mount Zion, a Christian association

2 responses to “Toponymy

  1. I bounced to the “Lost n Filed” blog with lots of interesting heritage blogs of Singapore memories. You mentioned that you are part of the national initiative of Singapore Memory Project but did not identify your name and blogger. Appreciate if you could introduce yourself to me at thimbuktu@hotmail.com as heritage friends to share.

    Warm Regards.
    James Seah (aka Thimbuktu)

    • Hi James, thanks for your comment. I dropped you an email in response, but it seems that my email is blocked by boxbe. Is there any way I can get the email through without registering with boxbe? Thanks!

      Regards,
      Cardelo

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s